What is tonsillitis?
tonsillitis is an infection which affects the tonsils, the two glands located at the back of the throat behind the tongue.The precise function of the glands has not been definitively ascertained however it has been postulated that the glands act as facilitators of infection-prevention. tonsillitis is the result of a viral or bacterial infection in that area which often causes inflammation and can be accompanied by a sore throat and/or fever.
What are the causes of tonsillitis?
By far the most common precursor of tonsillitis is a common cold virus however other viral causes can be Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus or HIV. Bacterial infections can also bring about tonsillitis however this is less prevalent and some of the bacterial infections that are known as causes are streptococcus pneumoniae, mycoplasma pneomiae, chlamydia pneumoniae, diptheria, syphilis and gonorrhea. tonsillitis is essentially a facet of the overwhelming of the body’s natural defense mechanism due to the existence of the virus and bacteria where they are filtered in the tonsils. Inside the tonsils, white blood cells which encompass the natural defense of the immune system and ameliorate the occurence of the bacteria and virus prevents the manifestations of tonsillitis occuring without medical intervention. tonsillitis will under most circumstances incubate in the bodily system over a period of two to four days, and its origins in a virus or bacterial infection means that it can spread from one person to another through direct contact or through airborne droplets.
What are the symptoms of tonsillitis?
There are a number of symptoms which typically occur when tonsillitis affects a person. These vary in severity however they normally comprise redness and swelling in the region of the tonsils, white and sometimes yellow patches on the tonsils, a stiff and sometimes swollen neck, a sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, a cough, headaches and body aches, fever or high temperature, fatigue and nasal congestion. In the case of acute tonsillitis or more severe cases other symptoms can include bad breath, nausea/vomiting, and extreme difficulty in eating or even opening the mouth. When the tonsillitis is the result of a virus it will often obviously accompany the symptoms of the virus that was the underlying cause whether that be common cold or flu. In the case of bacterial infections it will again be associated with the underlying bacteria which may result in flushing of the face or some form of dermatological rash.
What is the best treatment for tonsillitis?
In most cases of tonsillitis the individual’s immune system will resolve tonsillitis over the course of a short period of a few days. Measures that it is advisable to take in order to reduce the symptoms include retaining a normal diet despite the pain this may induce, ensuring you are well-hydrated and administering relevant treatments such as analgesics and in the case of bacterial tonsillitis to consult a physician in order to be prescribed antibiotics.There are many over-the-counter analgesics as well as lozenges and throat sprays which can be administered in order to minimise the acute symptoms of tonsillitis. Under some circumstances gargling with antiseptic solutions can ameliorate some of the painful symptoms localised around the back of the throat. If the symptoms are particularly severe or prolonged then it is essential to visit a general practitioner in order to ensure that a more powerful regimen can be administered if it is deemed appropriate during the consultation. If tonsillitis becomes an ongoing issue for any individual then a GP or your physician will normally propose a tonsillectomy where the tonsils are surgically removed. This is a very routine operation carried out under a general anaesthetic which will rectify the problems of tonsillitis however it is only carried out where the problem is recurrent and considered as an essential resolution, and it doesn’t remove the possibility other throat infections in the future.
Where can I find the best treatment for tonsillitis?
All the above treatments can be found in your local chemist (some will require a prescription), however, it is our recommendation to you to always consult with your local GP before undertaking any final treatment.
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